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Atomic Heritage Foundation

J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967) was an American theoretical physicist. During the Manhattan Project, Oppenheimer was director of the Los Alamos Laboratory and responsible for the research and design of an atomic bomb.

Actived: Thursday Mar 4, 2021

Detail: https://www.atomicheritage.org/

History | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History. This section provides an overview of the history of the Manhattan Project, the key organizations involved, the science behind the bomb, and more. Subject

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History | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History. Prisoner's Dilemma and Deterrence Activity. This activity complements the teacher’s lesson on deterrence and nuclear weapons during the Cold War. Students will learn the logic behind deterrence theory and Mutually Assured Destruction. In the advanced version, students will look closer at today’s U.S. deterrence strategy. ...

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Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) Learn about the history of the Manhattan Project. History. Educational Resources. Read our most recent news & articles. Sense of Place. In honor of the 5th anniversary of the Manhattan Project National Historical Park, AHF is pleased to make its documentary film A Sense of Place available online.

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Atomic Culture | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History Page Type: Cold War History. Date: Wednesday, August 9, 2017. Since the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, people in the United States and around the world have reacted to the atomic bomb with joy, devastation, hope, fear, and many other emotions. We have used cultural expressions to convey these sentiments, a phenomenon known as ...

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Camp Century | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History Page Type: Cold War History. Date: Thursday, July 19, 2018. In May 1959, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) scouted a remote location in Greenland for Camp Century, so named because it was originally intended to be built 100 miles from the edge of the Greenland ice cap.

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Uranium Mining | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) Updated: December 5, 2018 Uranium was discovered in 1789 by German scientist Martin Heinrich Klaproth in the mineral pitchblende. It was isolated shortly after, but its radioactive properties were not discovered until 1896 by Henri Becquerel.

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Heavy Water Reactors | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) The history of heavy water reactors highlights the immense industrial mobilization required by nuclear programs during World War II. Enriching uranium made building reactors easier, but required large facilities like those at Oak Ridge. For countries who could not enrich uranium, heavy water or pure graphite was required. Both, however ...

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Chinese Nuclear Program | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) Additionally, Mao pushed for the return of the many Chinese scientists who studied in Europe and the United States. One such physicist was Qian Sanqiang—sometimes called “the father of the Chinese atomic bomb”—who studied at the Collège de France under French physicists Frédéric and Irène Joliot-Curie for over a decade. Qian returned to Beijing in 1948 and founded the China ...

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Greenbrier Bunker | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History Page Type: Cold War History. Date: Wednesday, July 18, 2018. One of the great vestiges of the Cold War is the Greenbrier bunker, a facility built to house all 535 members of Congress in the event of a nuclear attack. Construction.

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Broken Arrow Accidents | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) Burr, William. “New Details on the 1961 Goldsboro Nuclear Accident.” National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 475.June 9, 2014.-----. “New History of Nuclear Weapons Control (and Lack Thereof) Cities National Security Archive Documents on War Plans, Nuclear Accidents, and Command Systems.” National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 442.

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Human Radiation Experiments | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) When the documentation concerning human experimentation came to light in the mid-1990s, one journalist wrote that this information “will force historians to rewrite part of the history of the dawn of the atomic age.” It is important to critically consider the role of human experimentation in the legacy of the Manhattan Project.

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Discovery of Mendelevium | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) Dmitri Mendeleev The first attempts to produce these transuranic elements began with Enrico Fermi, Emilio Segrè, and their colleagues in Rome. In 1934, shortly after the neutron was discovered by James Chadwick, Fermi and his colleagues used neutrons to bombard uranium, after which they observed new radioactive products.

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Plutonium | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History Page Type: Science. Date: Thursday, June 5, 2014. Quotes: “Perhaps today was the most exciting and thrilling day I have experienced. Our microchemists isolated pure element 94 (plutonium) for the first time…It is the first time that element 94 has been beheld by the eye of man.”

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The Radium Girls | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History Page Type: Health Issues. Date: Tuesday, April 25, 2017. In 1898, Marie and Pierre Curie, two of the most prominent pioneers in researching radioactivity, discovered the element radium. Radium was particularly intriguing because it glowed in the dark, and as Marie noted, “These gleamings seemed suspended in the darkness [and] stirred ...

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Israeli Nuclear Program | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History Page Type: International Nuclear Programs. Profiles: Ernst David Bergmann. Shimon Peres. Date: Wednesday, August 15, 2018. Israel is widely believed to possess nuclear weapons, but has never confirmed the existence of its nuclear program. Historians have largely relied on limited access to U.S. government documents and on the oral ...

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Nuclear History | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) The path of our history now moves to Germany, where a PhD chemist, Otto Hahn, and a PhD physicist, Lise Meitner, with a 30-year working relationship have now begun to investigate the Fermi experiments with slow neutrons and uranium. Before they can conclude this work, Lise, as a Jew, finds it necessary in the summer of 1938 to flee to Sweden.

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Nuclear Briefcases | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History. Caption: Putin takes the cheget back from Dmitry Medvedev at the start of his third presidential term, May 7, 2012. The cheget first appeared under General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko, who ruled for a little more than a year before his death in 1985 brought reformer Mikhail Gorbachev to power. During the attempted coup by Communist ...

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Pakistani Nuclear Program | Atomic Heritage Foundation

  Minneapolis, MN

Posted: (0 seconds ago) The Nuclear Express: A Political History of the Bomb and Its Proliferation. Minneapolis, MN: Zenith Press, 2009. Hear the stories of the Manhattan Project. Browse our collection of oral histories with workers, families, service members, and more about their experiences in the Manhattan Project.

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High-Speed Photography | Atomic Heritage Foundation

Posted: (0 seconds ago) History of High-Speed Cameras. The first major breakthrough with high-speed cameras was in 1878. Eadweard Muybridge, a British expat and photographer living in California, was commissioned to use photographs to determine whether a horse lifted all four hooves off the ground when galloping.

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